The best guide to Filters is from the Ridgewood Camera Club of Wyckoff, NJ. The RCC is a vibrant photography club, and have been around since 1937. Here is a copy of their Introduction to Photographic Filters. You can find it online through a Google search, but it’s no longer available on their website, for some reason.
Over time, I seem to have accumulated a bunch of filters – this table is more to remind myself of what I have, and the sizes. Oh, I started of with a few filters, like anyone else. When I purchased the Minolta Dynax 800si and lenses, I purchased a UV filters for each lens, 812 warming filters, and a Circular Polarizer with a couple of adapters. Good filters are disgustingly expensive.
I always wondered about the various filtration effects, and indulged in wishful thinking, until I discovered that I could get the specific filters I needed by bidding on filter lots on Ebay. Now, buying a lot of 5 or 8 filters is advantageous in terms of price, but I ended up with filters that I did not use much, or in sizes that I had earlier purchased step down down adapters for my lenses.
In most cases, I was very pleased to have a bunch of dedicated filters I could stash with my camera lenses, without having to remember to switch them back and forth. The Zuiko lenses were easy – they took 49mm and 55mm, and in in a rare instance, 72mm. The Non-Zuikos and Minota Maxxum lenses were another matter. It seemed that I was always fiddling with step down adapters. When I got the 500mm mirror lens, the seller threw in a couple of 77mm filters. The Olympus Trip 35 takes hard-to-get 43.5mm filters, and since it’s not advisable to use a larger filter size with a step-down adapter because it tends to partially block the viewfinder. You can see where this is going… more and more filters as time goes by.
When I have more time, I will try to add representative photographs to demonstrate the use of each filter. There is nothing as frustrating as the little brochure that accompanies each filter with the cryptic descriptions which leaves you wondering what exactly the filter is used for, and what effects may be achieved when they are used in applications beyond the stated purpose. Anyway, here goes…
|43.5mm, 49mm, 62mm||Vivitar, Hoya||80B||Color correction. Correct Daylight film for Tungsten, Blue effect. Can be used to compensate for yellow-red early morning or evening light.||2 stops||Lighter than 80A, similar blue effect, also great for snowscape photographs.This size fits Olympus Trip 35 Cameras|
|43.5mm, 49mm, 72mm, 77mm||Vivitar, Bell & Howell||K2 Yellow||Black & White. Renders color naturally as gray tones, especially blue sky with black and white.||1 stops||Natural effect with black & white film|
|49mm, 62mm, 77mm||Tiffen, Hoya, Vivitar||85 Amber||Color Correction. Correct studio Tungsten film for Daylight lighting, compensate for Blue cast||1 stop||Great for enhancing reds in Fall colors and sunsets|
|49mm, 52mm, 62mm, 72mm||Hoya, Promaster Spectrum 7, Hoya, Tiffen||25A Red||Black & White. Darken sky dramatically, enhance clouds, darken greens, lighten reds.||1.5-2 stops||Great for portraits, smoothens skin, removes blemishes.|
|49mm||Hoya||Green X(0)||Black & White. lighten greens, darken reds, good for male portraits||1 stop||Great for male portraits. General purpose filter for Black & White photography|
|55mm||B+W||010 1x||UV||0||Cuts UV/Blue under open sky. General purpose.|
|49mm, 55mm, 62mm, 72mm, 77mm||Tiffen, B+W, Hoya, Rokunar||Circular Polarizer||Cuts reflections from non-metallics, darkens sky, saturates colors||2 stops||Also serves as 2x Neutral Density filter to cut light levels|
|58mm, 62mm, 72mm||Tiffen||UV||General Protection. Cuts UV rays, reduces blue sensitivity of daylight film||0 stop||good all purpose always-on filter to protect Objective lens|
|49mm, 52mm, 58mm||Tiffen||812||Warming||1 stop||Use for snow/shade/overcast sky for warmth|
|58mm||Vivitar||82A||Color Correction. Corrects excessive yellow||0.5 stop||Good for early or late morning light|
|62mm||Promaster Spectrum 7||1A||Very pale rose, can be used as general always on filter.||0.5||cuts blue, gentle warming.|
|62mm||Tiffen||UV Haze 1||General Protection. Cuts UV rays and haze, reduces blue sensitivity of daylight film||0 stop||good all purpose always-on filter to protect Objective lens|
|62mm||Tiffen||80A||Color Correction. Correct Daylight film for Tungsten, Blue effect. Can be used to compensate for yellow-red early morning or evening light||2 stops||Dramatic blue effect, also great for snowscape photographs.|
|62mm||Tiffen||81A||Color Correction. Warming||0.5 stop||Great for shade conditions, snow, light overcast sky|
|62mm||Tiffen||CC30M||Color Correction. Correct daylight film for Fluoroscent/Mercury lighting, compensate for green cast||1- 1.5 stops||Great for Woodland photography, removes ghastly green hue|
|62mm||Tiffen||CC20M||Color Correction. Correct daylight film for Fluoroscent/Mercury lighting, compensate for green cast||1 stop||Similar to CC30M; also great for Woodland photography, removes ghastly green hue|
|72mm||Tiffen||Circular Polarizer||Reduces reflections from non-metallic objects, improves color saturation, acts as 2 stop neutral density filter||1.5-2 stops||Also great for black & white photography.|
|72mm||Tiffen||25 Red||Black & White. Darken sky dramatically, enhances clouds, darken greens, lighten reds.||1.5-2 stops||Great for portraits of women, smoothens skin, removes blemishes.|
|72mm||Bell & Howell||Yellow||Black & White. Renders color naturally as gray tones, especially blue sky with black and white||1 stop||Best filter for black and white photography|
|72mm||Tiffen Professional Series||CC30M||Color Correction. Correct daylight film for Fluorescent/Mercury lighting, compensate for green cast||1-1.5 stops||Great for Woodland photography|
|77mm||Vivitar||81A||Color Correction. Warming||0.5 stop||Great for shade conditions, snow, light overcast sky|
|77mm||Vivitar||85B Amber||Color Correction. Correct studio Tungsten film for Daylight lighting, compensate for Blue cast||1.5 stop||Great for enhancing reds in Fall colors and sunsets|
|77mm||Vivitar||K2 Yellow||Black & White. Renders color naturally as gray tones, especially blue sky with black and white.||1 stops||Natural effect with black & white film|
|77mm||Rokunar||Circular Polarizer||Cuts reflections form non-metallics, darkens sky, saturates colors||2 stops||Also serves as 2x Neutral Density filter to cut light levels|
text and images © 2007 ajoy muralidhar. all names, websites, brands and technical data referenced are the copyright or trademark of their respective owners.